Facts and figures of Port State Control for 2014 in the Paris MoU Region
Paris MOU issued its Annual Report on Port State Control for 2014 which contains details of the main developments in the Paris MoU for the year and the outcomes of their inspections. It was the first year where the New Inspection Regime (NIR) was based on statistical criteria developed from the NIR itself, thus transitioning to its full implementation.
During last year, refusal of access (banning) has been used 63 times since 2012. Most cases involved ships which have been banned for multiple detentions (46), while a significant number (13) were banned for failing to call at an indicated repair yard. The remaining 4 cases involved ships which “jumped the detention”, by sailing without authorization. Over a 3 year period the flags of the United Republic of Tanzania, the Republic of Moldova, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Togo have recorded the highest number of bannings. Four ships have been banned for a second time already.
”The entry into force of the International Labour Organization’s (ILO) Maritime Labour Convention (MLC) was a key event in our industry and the Convention will play an important part of port State control in the coming years. There are new statistical tables presented in this report giving details of the outcome of our inspections in this area.” states Brian Hogan, Paris MoU Chairman.
”After an initially increasing average detention percentage, the trend has now been reversed and has reached an all time low in 2014 since the introduction of the NIR. Less substandard ships are operating in the region. At the same time, a large number of ships have been “banned” from the region after multiple detentions. Many of them have been recycled after having lost their trading area. Some have moved to other areas in the world and will hopefully be caught by other PSC regimes. Although it has become more difficult for sub-standard ships to “slip through the net”, some continue to take their chances visiting our ports. These ships and their owners do not respect the international requirements and apparently have no intentions of doing so. They continue to pose a threat to safety, the environment and working and living conditions on board.” comments Richard Schiferli, Paris MoU Secretary General.
Annual Report Summary
Considered to be the worldwide index for flag performance, the Paris MoU “White, Grey and Black Lists” indicate further improvements towards quality shipping.
Last year Kazakhstan, Saudi Arabia and Switzerland were congratulated for their efforts to move up to the “White List”. This year India moved from the “Grey List” to the “White List”. A very successful achievement and an example to other flags that, through determined actions and political courage, changes can be made. Spain, Lithuania, Poland and Thailand moved from the “White List” to the “Grey List”. Belize moved from the “Grey List” to the “Black List”. There are still 10 flags on the “Black List”, with the United Republic of Tanzania having the worst performance.
There are now 43 flags on the “White List”, 3 less compared with last year. France is still leading the list, followed by Hong Kong and Bahamas. Several flags have made a significant move upwards on the “White List” into the top 10: Bahamas, Isle of Man and the United States of America. Other flags have made a significant move downwards in the “White List” and are no longer in the top 10: Germany and Finland.
Recognized Organizations (ROs) are delegated by flag States to carry out statutory surveys on behalf of flags. For this very reason, it is important to monitor their performance. The best performing RO over the period 2012-2014 was DNV GL, followed by Det Norske Veritas (DNV) and American Bureau of Shipping (ABS).
INCLAMAR is still at the bottom of the list in terms of poor performance, followed by International Register of Shipping and Bulgarian Register of Shipping. For several years a joint submission with the Tokyo MoU to IMO has addressed the correlation between flags and ROs working on their behalf. Since last year this information has been published in the Annual Report. The combinations of the Republic of Moldova with Dromon Bureau of Shipping and Venezuelan Register of Shipping, as well as Togo with International Naval Surveys Bureau and International Naval Surveys Bureau resulted each in a detention rate higher than 5% over a 3-year rolling period.
The introduction of the NIR in 2011 has also had an impact on the 2014 figures. After an initial decline, the total number of inspections has increased for the first time. Since 2011 the average detention percentage had slightly increased annually until 2013 (3.61%), after which a significant decrease has been recorded for 2014 (3.32%). Spain, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Germany and France contribute most to the overall inspection efforts in terms of percentage. High Risk Ships have been operating mostly in the southern part of the region, while Low Risk Ships have been calling in the north-western part of the region.
With 1,286 inspections and 151 detentions the ships flying a “black listed flag” score a detention rate of 11.74%. For ships flying a “grey listed flag” the detention rate is 6.27% (814 inspections and 51 detentions) and for ships flying a “white listed flag” 2.43% (16,175 inspections and 393 detentions).
During 2014 the Maritime Labour Convention (MLC) was enforced for the first time during a full calendar year. A new table has been added to this report reflecting the 14 areas of the MLC. The highest areas of non-compliance are “Hours of Work or Rest” (area 6) 21%, “Food and Catering” (area 10) 14%, and “Health and Safety and Accident Prevention” (area 11) 37%.
Basic Port State Control Figures 2014
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Facts & Figures 2014
With a total number of 18,430 inspections performed in 2014 the inspection figures showed an increase of 4% compared with the figures of 2013. Each individual ship was inspected an average of 1.2 times per year, a rate which has been slightly lower to that of 2012.
In 2012 the number of deficiencies recorded was 49,261. In 2013 the number of deficiencies was 49,074. In 2014 the number of deficiencies decreased significantly to 45,979.
Compared with 2013, the number of detentions has decreased from 668 to 612 detentions. The average detention rate in 2014 is 3.32%. In 2013 the detention rate was 3.78%. In 2012 the detention rate was 3.65%. This is first year the increasing trend from previous years has been reversed.
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In 2014 deficiencies in fire safety accounted for 13.43% of all deficiencies recorded (a decrease from 13.57% in 2013). The number of deficiencies in this area decreased by 7.2% from 6,657 in 2013 to 6,176 in 2014
Deficiencies in MARPOL Annex I show a decrease of 17.5% in 2014 (874), compared with 2013 (1,060). Deficiencies in MARPOL Annex IV show an increase of 0.9% in 2014 (344), compared with 2013 (341). Deficiencies in MARPOL Annex V show a decrease of 33% in 2014 (596), compared with 2013 (889). Deficiencies in MARPOL Annex VI show a decrease of 6.9% in 2014 (458), compared with 2013 (492).
Working and living conditions
On 20 August 2013 the Maritime Labour Convention 2006 entered into force. Only Member States of the Paris MoU that had ratified the MLC, 2006 on or before 20 August 2012 were entitled to conduct PSC inspections on MLC, 2006 requirements from 20 August 2013. For member States of the Paris MoU that have not ratified the MLC, 2006, enforcement of the Merchant Shipping (Minimum Standards) Convention (ILO 147) and the protocol of 1996 to that Convention (ILO P147) will initially continue.
In 2014, the first full calendar year with the MLC in force, the number of ILO 147 deficiencies has decreased while the number of MLC deficiencies has increased. For the first year a table has been added identifying the 14 areas of the MLC. Most deficiencies have been found in the following areas. Health and safety and accident prevention (area 11) 2,059, hours of work and rest (area 6) 1,152, food and catering (area 10) 792, accommodation (area 8) 436 and seafarer’s employment agreements (area 4) 238 deficiencies.
The number of ISM related deficiencies showed a decrease of 1.1% from 1,821 in 2013 to 1,801 in 2014.
Further information may be found by reading Paris MoU – Annual Report on Port State Control for 2014